Near-Earth object hazardous impact: A Multi-Criteria Decision Making approach

Área de investigación: Applied Mathematics Año: 2016
Tipo de publicación: Artículo Palabras clave: Meteoritics; Natural hazards
Autores: Sánchez-Lozano, Juan Miguel; Fernández Martínez, Manuel
Journal: Scientific Reports Volumen: 6
Páginas: 1-10
Mes: November
ISSN: 2045-2322
The impact of a near-Earth object (NEO) may release large amounts of energy and cause serious damage. Several NEO hazard studies conducted over the past few years provide forecasts, impact probabilities and assessment ratings, such as the Torino and Palermo scales. These high-risk NEO assessments involve several criteria, including impact energy, mass, and absolute magnitude. The main objective of this paper is to provide the first Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) approach to classify hazardous NEOs. Our approach applies a combination of two methods from a widely utilized decision making theory. Specifically, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) methodology is employed to determine the criteria weights, which influence the decision making, and the Technique for Order Performance by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) is used to obtain a ranking of alternatives (potentially hazardous NEOs). In addition, NEO datasets provided by the NASA Near-Earth Object Program are utilized. This approach allows the classification of NEOs by descending order of their TOPSIS ratio, a single quantity that contains all of the relevant information for each object.
Texto completo: paper.pdf